Science Units by Grade Level


Kindergarten
  • similarities and differences in animals and non-living things
  • observable weather patterns that occur day to day
  • understand how objects are described based on their physical properties and how they are used
  • understand the positions and motions of objects and organisms in the environment

First grade
  • recognize the features of the Earth/Moon/Sun system
  • understand how forces affect the motion of objects
  • build an understanding of the properties of earth materials that make them useful
  • how humans enable plants and animals to survive
  • Summarize the needs of living organisms for energy and growth

Second Grade
  • animal life cycles
  • how organisms are similar and different to their parents based on characteristics
  • patterns of weather and what affects weather
  • changes in properties of solids, liquids and gases and the changes they undergo
  • relationship of sound and vibrating objects

Third Grade
  • Earth/Sun Moon system
  • structures of the Earth's surface with 3-D models
  • how energy is transferred from one object to another
  • properites of matter before and after they undergo a change
  • protection, movement and support of the human body
  • understand motion and factors that affect motion
  • understand how plants survive in their environment

Fourth Grade
  • explain how forces affect the motion of an object (electricity and magnetism)
  • rocks and minerals
  • properties of matter before and after they undergo a change
  • energy takes various forms that can be grouped based on their interaction with matter
  • Causes of day and night and phases of the moon
  • animal adaptations, changes and behaviors
  • food and the benefits of vitamins minerals and exercise
  • understand the use of fossils and changes in the surface of the Earth as evidence of the history of Earth
Fifth Grade
  • weather and climate
  • force and motion
  • matter and energy
  • properties of matter change with heating and cooling
  • structures and systems of organisms perform functions necessary for life
  • understand why their are similarities and differences between organisms and their parents (inheritance)
  • interdependence of organisms within an ecosystem